Flanders’ Materials Programme

Categories: Instruments, Biogenic fraction, Governance, Strategy and Planning, Construction Material, Eco Design, Business models, Legal, Paper, Eco Production, Eco Consumption, Economic, Metal, Waste Prevention, Glass, Material fractions, Technical and Research, Reuse and preparing for reuse, Communication and Education, Plastic, Recycling, EEE, Product Service Systems, Wood, Industrial and Territorial Ecology, Other bulky items, Other Fractions, Collaborative Economy

Organisation: 1) Government of Flanders; 2) Flemish Public Waste Agency (OVAM – coordinator of the Flanders’ Materials Programme)

Main partners:

  • Plan C (Flemish transition network for sustainable materials management)
  • SuMMa (Policy Research Centre on Sustainable Materials Management)
  • EWI (Department of Economy, Science and Innovation of the Flemish government)
  • AIO (Innovation & Enterprise Flanders)
  • KB (Public Governance Flanders)
  • FEBEM (Federation of Environmental Companies)
  • Vlaamse Confederatie Bouw (Flemish Construction Federation)
  • essenscia (Belgian Federation for Chemistry and Life Sciences industries)
  • Agoria (sectoral federation for the  technology industry)
  • VITO (Flemish Institute for Technological Research)
  • KU Leuven (Catholic University of Leuven)
  • Bond Beter Leefmilieu (Federation of Flemish environmental associations)

Localisation: Flanders (BE)


The Flanders’ Materials Programme brings together the Flemish government, industry, university & research centres, and civil society in order to achieve Flanders’ transition to a circular economy and sustainable materials management.

Industrial symbiosis in Kalundborg

Categories: Biogenic fraction, Construction Material, Technical and Research, Energy, Water, Industrial and Territorial Ecology, Other Fractions

Organisation: Kalundborg Municipality

Main partners:

  • Novo Nordisk (producer of insulin), Novozymes (producer of enzymes), French-owned Gyproc produces gypsum board, Dong Energy own the Asnæs Plant, the biggest power plant in Denmark, Statoil owns Denmark’s biggest oil refinery, Kara/Novoren is a waste treatment company.
  • Kalundborg utility company, Kalundborg Forsyning A/S supplies companies and the citizens of Kalundborg city with water and district heating, as well as disposing of waste water from the entire municipality. Kalundborg Forsyning A/S also supplies some companies with surface water taken from the lake Tissø, which is connected to Kalundborg through a 12 km long pipeline.

Localisation: Kalundborg (Denmark)


The Kalundborg Symbiosis is an industrial ecosystem in Denmark, where eight industrial companies are working together making by-products commercially interesting as new resources in other production processes after the cradle to cradle model. An industrial symbiosis is a local collaboration where public and private enterprises buy and sell residual products, resulting in mutual economic and environmental benefits.

Liguria Circular

Categories: Construction Material, Eco Design, Governance, Strategy and Planning, Eco Production, Eco Consumption, Resources, Waste Prevention, Reuse and preparing for reuse, Recycling, Product Service Systems, Industrial and Territorial Ecology, Collaborative Economy

Organisation: 1) Genova Municipality; 2) AMIU (Azienda Multiservizi e d'Igiene Urbana)

Main partners:

  • Genova Smart city
  • Regional innovation center for Energy and Environment
    (TICASS – Tecnologie Innovative per il Controllo Ambientale e lo Sviluppo Sostenibile)
  • Interuniversity Centre for the Development of Sustainabe Product
    (CE.SI.S.P – Centro per lo Sviluppo della Sostenibilità dei Prodotti)
  • Confindustria Genova, association representing manufacturing and service companies

Localisation: Liguria (IT)


The Municipality of Genoa and AMIU – the Municipal Urban Health Enterprise have created Liguria Circular, the permanent forum of circular economy in Liguria aiming to promote and manage circular economy initiatives in the Liguria territory. It is composed by private companies, individual professionals, government agencies, associations, university departments and research centres.