Industrial symbiosis in Kalundborg

Categories: Biogenic fraction, Construction Material, Technical and Research, Energy, Water, Industrial and Territorial Ecology, Other Fractions

Organisation: Kalundborg Municipality

Main partners:

  • Novo Nordisk (producer of insulin), Novozymes (producer of enzymes), French-owned Gyproc produces gypsum board, Dong Energy own the Asnæs Plant, the biggest power plant in Denmark, Statoil owns Denmark’s biggest oil refinery, Kara/Novoren is a waste treatment company.
  • Kalundborg utility company, Kalundborg Forsyning A/S supplies companies and the citizens of Kalundborg city with water and district heating, as well as disposing of waste water from the entire municipality. Kalundborg Forsyning A/S also supplies some companies with surface water taken from the lake Tissø, which is connected to Kalundborg through a 12 km long pipeline.

Localisation: Kalundborg (Denmark)


The Kalundborg Symbiosis is an industrial ecosystem in Denmark, where eight industrial companies are working together making by-products commercially interesting as new resources in other production processes after the cradle to cradle model. An industrial symbiosis is a local collaboration where public and private enterprises buy and sell residual products, resulting in mutual economic and environmental benefits.

G’scheit feiern – Reusable Crockery at Events

Categories: Paper, Eco Consumption, Metal, Glass, Waste Prevention, Technical and Research, Energy, Communication and Education, Plastic, Reuse and preparing for reuse

Organisation: Styrian Region

Localisation: Styria, Austria


In 2001, the Austrian region Styria introduced the brand “G´SCHEIT FEIERN” (clever feasting) as a “new Styrian festival culture” based on sustainability. This included the generation of less waste, the consumption of regional products of superior quality and alternative solutions for arrival and departure with cars during festivities.