Reused drugs in Genoa

Categories: Technical and Research, Reuse and preparing for reuse, Other Fractions

Organisation: AMIU (Azienda Multiservizi e d'Igiene Urbana) (local municipal waste management and garbage disposal agency of Genova municipality)

Main partners:

Localisation: Genoa (IT)


"The medication prolongs life” (Il farmaco allunga la vita): The Genoese Pharmacies owned by the Municipality, in collaboration with the Association Gigi Ghirotti, are engaged in the collection of unused, valid, non-heat-sensitive medicines and with undamaged packages. The material are handed over to the eight community pharmacies and used by poor patients.

Circular Economy in Basque country

Categories: Construction Material, Instruments, Biogenic fraction, Eco Design, Governance, Strategy and Planning, Business models, Legal, Eco Production, Paper, Eco Consumption, Economic, Metal, Glass, Material fractions, Technical and Research, Waste Prevention, Reuse and preparing for reuse, Plastic, Communication and Education, EEE, Recycling, Product Service Systems, Wood, Industrial and Territorial Ecology, Other bulky items, Collaborative Economy, Other Fractions

Organisation: 1) Basque Government’s Ministry for the Environment and Territorial Policy; 2) Ihobe (public agency of environment)

Main partners:

  • Udalsarea 21 network
  • Basque eco-design center

Localisation: Basque Country (ES)


In the case of the Basque Country, boosting the circular economy means committing to “greening” manufacturing, products, consumption and end-of-life, through public-private collaboration. Basque country has a long culture of networking and public-private collaboration and an average to high position on the “regional innovation scoreboard”.

Scottish institute for remanufacture (SIR)

Categories: Construction Material, Eco Design, Eco Production, Metal, Glass, Technical and Research, Reuse and preparing for reuse, Plastic, EEE, Wood, Other bulky items

Organisation: 1. Zero Waste Scotland; 2. Scottish Funding Council (Scottish strategic body for funding teaching and learning provision and research)

Main partners:

  • Scottish Manufacturing Advisory Service
  • Scottish Enterprise
  • Centre for Engineering Education and development
  • Scottish Universities

Localisation: Scotland (UK)


The Scottish Institute for Remanufacture (SIR) is funded by the Scottish Funding Council and Zero Waste Scotland. Hosted at the University of Strathclyde, SIR is a pan Scotland centre of excellence to increase innovation in remanufacturing. By stimulating and co-funding collaborative projects that address industry challenges it enables companies to increase reuse, repair and remanufacture in their manufacturing operations.

Circular Friesland Strategy

Categories: Construction Material, Biogenic fraction, Governance, Strategy and Planning, Eco Design, Business models, Legal, Eco Production, Paper, Eco Consumption, Economic, Metal, Technical and Research, Glass, Waste Prevention, Material fractions, Reuse and preparing for reuse, Communication and Education, Plastic, Energy, EEE, Water, Recycling, Product Service Systems, Land use, Wood, Other bulky items, Industrial and Territorial Ecology, Biodiversity, Collaborative Economy, Other Fractions

Organisation: Circular Friesland Association

Main partners:

Localisation: Friesland (NL)


The Circular Friesland Association (Vereniging Circulair Friesland) was initiated by coorporations within Friesland, later drawing in the provincial municipalities as partners. There was an acceptance that future business models would have to change due to the changing state of natural resources. In Friesland the chains are short and most parties are already familiar with eachother, allowing the concept of circular economy to be absorbed in the transition that was already taking place within the area.