Main partners:

  • Novo Nordisk (producer of insulin), Novozymes (producer of enzymes), French-owned Gyproc produces gypsum board, Dong Energy own the Asnæs Plant, the biggest power plant in Denmark, Statoil owns Denmark’s biggest oil refinery, Kara/Novoren is a waste treatment company.
  • Kalundborg utility company, Kalundborg Forsyning A/S supplies companies and the citizens of Kalundborg city with water and district heating, as well as disposing of waste water from the entire municipality. Kalundborg Forsyning A/S also supplies some companies with surface water taken from the lake Tissø, which is connected to Kalundborg through a 12 km long pipeline.

Localisation: Kalundborg (Denmark)

Population: 48,469 (2014)

Categories:
CEN_Icon_Resources_Biogenic-Fraction CEN_Icon_Construction-Material CEN_Icon_Instruments_Technical-and-Research CEN_Icon_Resources_Energy CEN_Icon_Resources_Water CEN_Icon_Business-Models_Industrial-and-Territorial-Ecology CEN_Icon_Resources_Other-Fractions

Industrial symbiosis in Kalundborg

Action leader(s)

Kalundborg Municipality

Summary

The Kalundborg Symbiosis is an industrial ecosystem in Denmark, where eight industrial companies are working together making by-products commercially interesting as new resources in other production processes after the cradle to cradle model. An industrial symbiosis is a local collaboration where public and private enterprises buy and sell residual products, resulting in mutual economic and environmental benefits.